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  • 学分(Credit):2学分
  • 学时(Duration):36学时,2015年7月13日-24日
  • 地点(Classroom):HGX210(邯郸校区光华楼西辅楼210室)
7-156-8科学论文的基本结构J. Wragg
7-172-4确定主题、组织内容J. Wragg
7-176-8题目和摘要J. Wragg
7-202-4引言和实验方法描述J. Wragg
7-222-4讨论的书写J. Wragg
7-226-8结论的组织J. Wragg
  1. 欢迎拟修课或参与旁听的学生在开始上课前就开始和老师进行联系、交流。
  2. Dr. Jeffery L. Wragg将于7月13日到达复旦,若学生想提前和他见面,请和乐永康联系。
  • Office: Room 342, Physics Building
  • Phone: 021-65642365
  • Email:


  1. Terminal velocity on an air track. C. W.Tompson, J. L. Wragg. Journal: The Physics Teacher, vol. 29, no. 3…
  2. Conductance quantization: A laboratory experiment in a senior-level nanoscale science and technology course. R. Tolley, A. Silvidi, C. Little, and K.F. Eid American Journal of Physics 81(1):14, 2013
To the information giving in the link, your comments are warmly welcome. — 乐永康 2014/07/17 22:27
This website is blocked by the GFW. I searched it and found similar reports since 2009. The debates are also abundant in the comments below the article. Personnally, I would doubt its reliability. — 刘知平 2014/07/18 18:38

Below I have pasted some information adapted from my experimental physics class web page. It is a list of things to remember when you are writing. Most apply no matter what language you write in.

  1. It is vital that you understand the purpose, audience, format, and editorial standards for any written product.
  2. Reports are expected to meet the highest editorial and scientific standards.
  3. The details of your format are dictated by those used in a journal you choose which is consistent with your career goals.

Reports will ordinarily contain:An abstract of no more than 100 words. A concise summary of your experiment and the results.

  1. A brief introduction clearly stating the physical principles involved and the goal of the experiment.Background and references, historical and/or scientific (Do not make this extensive).
  2. Clear description of the procedures and an illustration of the experimental equipment.
  3. Relevant data, graphical and/or tabular. Do not include extensive raw data.
  4. Description of the analysis of the data, the result, the uncertainty, and comparisons with generally accepted results.
  5. Conclusions: what can you say based on your experiment? How does your result relate to the goal of the experiment? Is the theory upheld by the experiment? Do not make this a personal commentary on the experience you had doing the lab.References.

The Checklist— Pitfalls, Tips, and Hints...

  1. Abstract: comprehensive, informative, and includes the answer. No references in the abstract.
  2. For each section ask yourself: “What is the purpose of this section?” “What is the purpose of this paragraph?” “What is the purpose of this sentence?”
  3. The report should be written at the appropriate technical level—for your peers.
  4. Tables and figures are usually best placed as soon as possible after they are referred to in the text. Note that LaTeX has its own way of deciding where to put them, but you do have some influence over it.
  5. Start the write-up early in the experiment. It will help you decide what data you need, and may suggest extra experimenting.
  6. The word “then” is often misused/overused.
  7. Lead in to equations properly. Look in books and technical papers to see the wording used just before and after an equation is presented. Also, you must define all variables when they first appear.
  8. Use superscripts, subscripts and other typography appropriately.
  9. Use symbols, abbreviations, and language that are consistent with your field.
  10. Include an answer and uncertainty, with appropriate significant figures, and units.
  11. When possible, compare your result with accepted results, and give a reference.
  12. It is probably best to write in the past tense.
  13. Figures—Keep them simple, make them schematic rather than artistic. They should be numbered and include a useful caption.
  14. Graphs should be simple, but complete, with axes labeled, and data points, and fitted functions distinct from one another. A figure should be numbered and include a descriptive caption.
  15. Things NOT to include—Do not include details we don't care about “…on Tuesday John measured…”, the reader generally doesn't care about the day or the name of the person. Or trivial details about instruments such as “ We used detector number 3 ”. Do not include things that do not contribute to the answer, for example things you did wrong.
  16. Do not show trivial calculations. There is no need to define what an average is and show us how to calculate it.
  17. Don't use contractions.
  18. Avoid “cute” words, i.e., ones you feel should be enclosed in quotes.
  19. Do not make subjective statements such as “our results are good.” Be objective, and let the reader judge you.
  20. Do not give a list of materials/equipment.
  21. Use suitable primary references.

Remember there is extensive information to help you if you look at the JURP guidelines, the MIT sample, and the Physical Review Style Guide.

  1. 4-6 minutes long
  2. Should be done using PowerPoint, (or LaTeX if you like)
  3. Make text large and easily readable
  4. Don't have a lot of dense text
  5. Do use diagrams and graphs
  6. Talk to the audience. Do not read to them.
  7. Have it visually appealing, but not distracting
  8. Make certain that the audience can easily see everything. Some colors or color combinations that look good on your computer don't work well with room-scale video projectors.
  9. Practice difficult words before the talk. I'm happy to help you with them.
  10. Relax!!! You are just talking to friends.


  1. PPT内容不能太多,一般以页数约等于或稍多于讲演时间分钟数为宜;
  2. 内容安排上(包括PPT的篇幅比例和讲演时间的分配),把握好原理与结果、讨论的比例,应以结果讨论为主;
  3. PPT中切忌大段的文字,必要的文字要精炼为短语,甚至是关键词;讲演时切忌照读PPT中的整段文字;
  4. 上台前一定要自己预先排练,讲演节奏的控制不是一件容易的事情,但讲演时的表现不好,会让你前期的所有努力都白费了;
  5. PPT中,少用(尽量不用)扫描、截图/屏等分辨率较差的图;或许你还需要临时学习用Origin画个图,或在PPT里输入一个比较复杂的公式,但这些都是很快就能学会的,而且学会了,今后肯定经常会用到;
  6. 画图基本的要求一定要保证:坐标轴代表的物理量、单位,合理的刻度标注,用小方块等符号画出数据点;图中所画的线要足够粗:一般选三磅!
  7. 数据点的拟合一定要根据实际的物理规律来选择函数,不能都用直线拟合,或者用折线链接数据点;
  8. 注意实验数据有效数字的合理取舍,标出必要的不确定度估算;必要的单位一定不能忘;
  9. 如果引用了别人的图、表等,一定要注明出处;
  10. 少用人眼不敏感的颜色:如黄色;
  11. 背景不要太花,以致喧宾夺主;动画的目的也是为了提高讲演表达的效果,而不是为了显示做动画的能力;
  12. 最后简要概括自己得到的结果很有必要;
  13. 要向在自己工作过程中给予过帮助的人致谢;
  14. 给出一些重要的参考文献;
  15. 学习使用激光笔;


  • 欢迎各位同学在此留言、提问、讨论。 — 乐永康 2014/06/28 15:29
  • If possible, would you please comment or raise your questions in English so that Dr. Wragg can also take part in our discussion. — 乐永康 2014/06/29 10:37
I am curious why Dr. Wragg has been to China for so many times. — yufei 2014/07/05 13:57
Dr. Wragg tried to answer your question. But he is still not familiar with our wiki system in Chinese. You may have an appointment with Dr.Wragg about this topic. — 乐永康 2014/07/05 22:42
Since Jeff has told us how to write a academic resume when applying for graduate school in American, i just suggest to use the latex to write your resume for its better composing. And there is a website that has many templates and thier source cord of different styles of resume.郑雯瀚 2014/07/10 00:35
Thank you very much for sharing. — 乐永康 2014/07/10 17:27
I remember that Jeff said he doesn't use Windows. So when we email him with attachments, what kind of files should we use? Can he open doc or docx? — Shuo Wang 2014/07/10 23:53
He sent us email with Word file attachment. It looks that he can very possibly work with Word documents. To make sure, you can also send him documents in PDF format. But try to use gmail/hotmail accounts to contact him. — 乐永康 2014/07/11 00:06

> Here is a webpage teaches you to use Latex, which has been shared by Zheng Wenhan on Renren.张宇 2014/07/16 12:41

参考资料第三栏“literature”第二项就是那篇文献量子电导的文章。 — 乐永康 2014/07/16 16:17

Course Description --2014

  暑假前两周(7月7日-18日)乐永康老师将和实验中心邀请来的美国查尔斯顿学院(College of Charleston)物理与天文学系教授Jeffery L. Wragg一起开设暑期课“现代物理专题(其它)”(课号:PHYS130086.01)。该课程的基本信息是:两周时间里,周一、三、五每天上、下午各三课时,是一门2学分的专业选修课,上课教室是:HGX302


  1. 上午由Jeffery L. Wragg教授主讲科学写作(语言:英语);
  2. 下午由乐永康老师主讲,结合实验演示,第一周练习和研讨实验现象观察、记录,第二周练习和研讨实验方案设计(语言:英语或中文可选);




  • activity/summercourse/2014/start.txt
  • 最后更改: 2015/07/13 00:23
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